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Pronouncing Glossary



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Even the most savvy sophisticate can feel tongue-tied at the prospect of a party featuring foreign and/or polysyllabic wine labels. For those who like to come prepared, we offer our pronouncing glossary:

Abboccato (ah-bo-kah-toe)
sweet

Aligoté (ah-lee-go-tay)
lesser white wine grape of Burgundy

Aloxe-Corton (ah-lox cor-tawn)
wine village in Burgundy's Côte de Beaune

Amontillado (ah-mon-tee-yah-doe)
a particular style of medium-dry Sherry

Anjou (ahn-joo)
French wine district along the Loire

Auslese (ow-slay-zuh)
sweet German wine made from selected bunches of grapes

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Barbera (bar-bear-ah)
red wine grape from Piedmont region of Italy

Bardolino (bar-doe-lee no)
village along Italy's Lake Garda which produces light red wines

Barolo (bar-oh-loe)
wine village in the Piedmont region of Italy

Barsac (bar-sack)
wine village in the Sauternes district of Bordeaux

Beaujolais (bo jo-lay)
red wine from southern Burgundy

Beaune (bone)
central village of the Côte de Beaune in Burgundy

Beerenauslese (beer-en-ow slay-zuh)
very sweet German wine produced from specially selected grapes

Bernkastel (bearn-castle)
German wine village along the Moselle

Blanc de Blancs (blahn duh blahn)
white wine made from white grapes

Bocksbeutel (box-boy-tell)
squat, flagon-shaped bottle for Franken (Germany) wines

Bodega (bo-day-gah)
Spanish wine cellars

Bordeaux (bore-doe)
city, and important wine region, in south-western France

Brouilly (brew-yee)
village in the Beaujolaus region

Brut (brute)
the driest style of Champagne

Bual (boo-ahl)
grape used to make sweet Madeira

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Cabernet Sauvignon (ca-bear-nay saw-vee-n'yon)
classic red wine grape of Bordeaux

Cave (cahv)
wine cellar

Chablis (shah-blee)
famous white wine village of northern Burgundy

Chai (shay)
ground-level warehouse in Bordeaux

Chambertin (shahm-bear-tan)
Burgundy vineyard in the village of Gevrey-Chambertin

Chambolle-Musigny (shahm-bol moo-seen-yee)
wine village in Burgundy's Côte de Nuits

Chassagne-Montrachet (shah-sahn-yuh mon-rah-shav)
village in Burgundy's Côte de Beaune which produces both red and white wines

Chasselas (shass-lah)
white wine grape grown in Switzerland

Chateau (shah-toe)
synonymous with vineyard, in Bordeaux

Chateauneuf-du-Pape (shah-toe-nuff-doo pahp)
red wine village in the Rhøne region

Chénas (shay-nah)
village in the Beaujolais region

Chenin Blanc (shay nan blahn)
white wine grape from the Loire Valley

Chiroubles (shee-roobi)
village in the Beaujolais region

Clos de Beze (cloh duh behz)
Burgundy vineyard adjoining Chambertin

Clos de Vougeot (cloh duh voo-joh)
largest vineyard in Burgundy's Côte de Nuits

Corbiéres (cor-b'yair)
wine region in southern France

Corton (cor tawn)
Burgundy vineyard in the village of Aloxe-Corton

Côte de Beaune (coat duh bone)
district in Burgundy that includes such villages as Beaune, Pommard, and Volnay

Côte de Brouilly (coat duh brew-yee)
an inner district in the Beaujolais region

Côte Chalonnaise (coat shah-lo-nayz)
lesser known district in southern Burgundy

Côte de Nuits (coat duh nwee)
district in Burgundy that includes such villages as Nuits-St. Georges, Chambertin, and Vosne-Romanée

Côte d'Or (coat dor)
principal fine wine district of Burgundy, made up of the Côte de Nuits and the Côte de Beaune

Côte-du-Rhòne (coat-doo-rone)
important wine region in southern France

Cru (crew)
literally, growth, but synonymous with vineyard

Cru Classé (crew clah-say)
classified growth, or vineyard, of Bordeaux

Cuvée (coo-vay)
a blend of wines

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Dào (down)
region in central Portugal

Douro (doo-roe)
river in northern Portugal that flows through the Port district

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Echézeaux (eh-shay-zoh)
Burgundy vineyard in the Côte de Nuits

Edelfäule (ay-del-foil)
noble mold responsible for some of the finest sweet German wines

Egri Bikavér (eff-ree bee-ka-vair)
specific red wine from Hungary

Entre-Deux-Mers (ahn' tr-duh-mair)
white wine district in Bordeaux

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Fiasco (plural Fiaschi) (fee-ahss-koe)
straw-covered bottle used for Chianti

Fino (fee-no)
a particular style of dry Sherry

Fleurie (fluh-ree)
village in the Beaujolais region

Frascati (frahss-ca-tee)
wine village near Rome

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Gamay (gam-may)
red wine grape used to make Beaujolais

Gevrey-Chambertin (jev-ray shahm-bear-tan)
wine village in Burgundy's Côte de Nuits

Gewürztraminer (guh-vurtz-trah-mee-ner)
spicy white wine from Alsace

Grands Echézeaux (grahnz eh-shay-zoh)
vineyard in Burgundy's Côte de Nuits

Graves (grahv)
red and white wine district in Bordeaux

Grenache (greh-nahsh)
grape used to make red and rosé wines

Gumpoldskirchen (goom-poles kir ken)
Austrian wine village near Vienna

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Haut (oh)
literally, high; not necessarily an indication of higher quality

Hospices de Beaune (oh-speece duh bone)
charitable hospital in Burgundy that owns many fine vineyards

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Jerez (hair-reth)
city in southern Spain, center of Sherry production

Johannisberg (yoh-hah-niss-bairg)
German wine village along the Rhine

Juliénas (jool-yeh-nah)
village in the Beaujolais region

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Lacrima Christi (la-cree-mah kriss tee)
literally, tears of Christi refers to red and white wines produced near Naples

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Màcon (mah-kon)
extensive red and white wine region in southern Burgundy

Malmsey (mahlm-zee)
grape used to make sweet Madeira

Manzanilla (man-zah-nee-yah)
very dry style of Sherry

Margaux (mahr-go)
wine village in the Médoc district of Bordeaux

Médoc (meh-dock)
important red wine district in Bordeaux

Meursault (muhr-soe)
white wine village in Burgundy's Côte de Beaune

Mise en bouteilles (meez ahn boo-tay)
bottled (this phrase on a wine label is followed by the name of a producer or wine shipper)

Montrachet (mon-rah shay)
famous white wine vineyard in Burgundy

Morgon (mohr-gohn)
village in the Beaujolais region

Moulin-à-Vent (moo-lahn-ah-vahn)
an inner district in the Beaujolais region

Mousseux (moo-suh)
French sparkling wine

Muscadet (muhss-ka-day)
white wine district along the Loire

Musigny (moo-see-nyee)
Burgundy vineyard in the village of Chambelle-Musigny

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Neuchatel (nuh shah tell)
Swiss white wine produced along the shore of that lake

Nierstein (neer-shtine)
important German wine village along the Rhine

Nuis-St. Georges (nwee san jawj)
central wine village of Burgundy's Côte de Nuits

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Oloroso (oh lo ro-so)
a particular style of Sherry, used as a base for Cream Sherry

Orvieto (ahr vee-ay-toe)
white wine village in central Italy

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Pauillac (paw-yack)
important wine village in the Médoc district of Bordeaux

Petillant (pet tee-yahn)
lightly sparkling

Petit (puh-tee)
small

Phylloxera (fil-lox-uh-rah)
insect that destroyed most of the world's vineyards in the 19th century

(Pinot) Chardonnay (pee-noe shar-doe-nay)
classic white wine grape of Burgundy - Pinot name has been dropped

Pinot Noir (pee-noe nwahr)
classic red wine grape of Burgundy

Pomerol (pom-uh-rohl)
red wine district in Bordeaux

Pommard (poh-mar)
village in Burgundy's Côte de Beaune

Pouilly-Fuissé (poo-yee foo-say)
dry white wine from the Loire

Pourriture noble (poo-ree-toor nohbl)
noble mold, responsible for the unique flavor of Sauternes and Barsac

Premier Cru (preh-m'yay crew)
first growth; refers specifically to some of the best individual vineyards in Bordeaux and Burgundy

Puligny-Montrachet (poo-lee-nyee mon-rah-shay)
white wine village in Burgundy's Côte de Beaune

Puttonyos (puh-tohn-yosh)
literally, baskets; used as a measurement to indicate the comparative sweetness of Hungarian aszu (6 puttonyos is the sweetest)

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Retsina (ret-see-nah)
Greek wine flavored with resin

Rheingau (rine-gow)
fine German wine district along the Rhine

Rheinhessen (rine-hessen)
extensive German wine district along the Rhine

Rheinpfalz (rine faltz)
less familiar German wine district along the Rhine

Richebourg (reesh bour)
Burgundy vineyard in the village of Vosne-Romanée

Riesling (rees-ling)
classic white wine grape of Germany

Rioja (ree-oh-ha)
fine wine district of Spain

Rosé (roh-zay)
any pink wine

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Sancerre (sahn-sair)
village along the Loire producing full-flavored dry white wine

Sauternes (saw-tairn)
Bordeaux district producing sweet white wines

Sauvignon Blanc (saw-vee-n'yohn blahn)
classic white wine grape of Bordeaux

Sec (French)
dry

Secco (Italian) (sek, say-co)
dry

Sekt (sekt)
German sparkling wine

Sémillon(seh-mee-yohn)
fine white wine grape of Bordeaux

Soave (so-ah-vay)
Italian village producing popular light dry white wine

Solera (so-lair-ah)
blending system used to make Sherry

Sommelier (so-mel-yay)
wine steward

Spätlese (shpaht-lay-zuh)
late-picked, as applied to the grapes used to make some German wines

Spumante (spoo-mahn-tay)
Italian sparkling wine

Sylvaner (sil-vah-ner)
white wine grape of Alsace

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Tastevin (taht-van)
shallow silver tasting cup used in Burgundy

Tavel (tah-vell)
wine village in the Rhône producing popular dry rosé

Traminer (trah-mee-ner)
white wine grape of Alsace

Trockenbeerenauslese (trok-en-beer-en-ow--slay-zuh)
rare German wine made from specially selected overripe grapes

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Valdepeñas (val-day-pain-yass)
wine village in central Spain

Valpolicella (val-poh-lee-t'chell-ah)
region near Verona producing light dry red wines

Verdicchio (vehr-dee-kee--oh)
Italian dry white wine made from this grape

Vinho Verde (veen-yoh vair-day)
literally, green wine; young red and white wines from northern Portugal

Vinifera (vin-if-uh-rah)
grape species responsible for most of the world's wines

Vosne-Romanée (vohn ro-mah-nay)
village in Burgundy's Côte de Nuits

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Yquem (ee-kem)
famous vineyard in the Sauternes district

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